Last year – just in time for Scrum’s 25th birthday, Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland updated the Scrum Guide. It is a simple framework that allows teams to start working on complex problems.
Scrum is still Scrum – but a few things have changed with the update. Here are the most important things from our perspective:
It describes Scrum for what it is: a minimal framework that helps people, teams and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions to complex problems.
For example, the following items have been removed or shortened:
- 3 questions in the Daily Scrum
- that the members of the Development Team often still meet after the Daily Scrum
- mandatory attributes of a Product Backlog entry
- the 8 elements of the Sprint Review
- the detailed reasons why the Sprint Retrospective is conducted
- recommendation, how much capacity of the development team the refinement usually takes up
- how to monitor the achievement of the goals in the Product Backlog
The Development Team is essential for Scrum – and should no longer be seen separately. The role Development Team became “Developer”: This means that there is only ONE Scrum Team, which consists of a Scrum Master, a Product Owner and Developers.
To support Scrum Teams to focus on one goal, the Product Goal was introduced in the Scrum Guide 2020. It additionally describes WHY and WHEREFOR the product is developed. The Product Goal can serve as a target for the Scrum Team to plan their future work. Each Sprint should bring the product closer to the Product Goal. It also helps the Scrum Team to make the progress of their work on the Product Backlog visible and measurable.
In the new Scrum Guide 2020, the artifacts have been given a commitment:
- For the Product Backlog it is the Product Goal.
- For the Sprint Backlog it is the Sprint Goal
- For the Increment it is the Definition of Done
Commitments describe the artifacts and thus provide clarity about the purpose, context, and value of the artifact. They improve transparency and provide a way to measure progress against that artifact.
The Scrum Team answers the following questions in Sprint Planning.
Which product backlog items can be completed in the sprint, and
how the selected work can be completed,
now also the question why this Sprint is valuable for the stakeholders.
In the 2017 Scrum Guide, the Development Team is described as self-organizing, meaning the Development Team independently determines who and how to get the work done. The 2020 Scrum Guide emphasizes that the Scrum Team as a whole manages itself.
“The Scrum Team is responsible for all product-related activities ranging from stakeholder collaboration, review, maintenance, operations, experimentation, research and development, and any other required activities.” — Scrum Guide 2020